Article Abstract


Authors: Yvan Patrick Akré


The heart (Figure 1) has several colors: the grayscale part expresses the ash resulting from annihilation of substance or death, or disease without any treatment. The bright colors in form of a flap or transplant, represent rebirth or return to life by the surgeon’s hand symbolized by the scalpel. The flap is shaped in the form of the African continent, reflecting the topic of cardiac surgery in Africa.