Computed tomography of cardiomyopathies
Cardiac computed tomography (CT) is increasingly used in the evaluation of cardiomyopathies, particularly in patients who are not able to undergo other non-invasive imaging tests such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) due to the presence of MRI-incompatible pacemakers/defibrillators or other contraindications or due to extensive artifacts from indwelling metallic devices. Advances in scanner technology enable acquisition of CT images with high spatial resolution, good temporal resolution, wide field of view and multi-planar reconstruction capabilities. CT is useful in cardiomyopathies in several ways, particularly in the evaluation of coronary arteries, characterization of cardiomyopathy phenotype, quantification of cardiac volumes and function, treatment-planning, and post-treatment evaluation. In this article, we review the imaging techniques and specific applications of CT in the evaluation of cardiomyopathies.