Myocardial ischemia testing with computed tomography: emerging strategies
Although cardiac computed tomography (CT) has high negative predictive value to exclude obstructive coronary artery disease (CAD), particularly in the low to intermediate risk population, it has low specificity in the diagnosis of ischemia-inducing lesions. This inability to predict hemodynamically significant stenosis hampers the ability of CT to be an effective gatekeeper for invasive angiography and to guide appropriate revascularization. Recent advances in CT technology have resulted in the development of multiple techniques to provide hemodynamic information and detect lesion-specific ischemia, namely CT perfusion (CTP), CT-derived fractional flow reserve (CT-FFR) and coronary transluminal attenuation gradient (TAG). In this article, we provide a perspective on these emerging CT techniques in the evaluation of myocardial ischemia.