Management of vascular complications of extra-corporeal membrane oxygenation
Extracorporeal Membrane oxygenation is a well-established treatment for cardiopulmonary failure. Based on the requirement for cardiac and or respiratory support different configurations of extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) circuits are utilized. Vascular complication of ECMO constitutes the most important determinant of treatment outcomes. The complications are primarily related to limb ischemia, vascular injury, hemorrhage, and infection. Endovascular and surgical treatment options are the cornerstone for managing vascular complications of ECMO.