Imaging of pulmonary hypertension: an update

Harold Goerne, Kiran Batra, Prabhakar Rajiah


Pulmonary hypertension (PH) is characterized by elevated pulmonary arterial pressure caused by a broad spectrum of congenital and acquired disease processes, which are currently divided into five groups based on the 2013 WHO classification. Imaging plays an important role in the evaluation and management of PH, including diagnosis, establishing etiology, quantification, prognostication and assessment of response to therapy. Multiple imaging modalities are available, including radiographs, computed tomography (CT), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), nuclear medicine, echocardiography and invasive catheter angiography (ICA), each with their own advantages and disadvantages. In this article, we review the comprehensive role of imaging in the evaluation of PH.