A case of mislabeled textbooks: misnomer of the traditional “bicaval” view

Laura Vaskelyte, Stefan Bertog, Ilona Hofmann, Bojan Jovanović, Markus Reinartz, Predrag Matić, Sameer Gafoor, Kolja Sievert, Horst Sievert


Since the early beginning of the transesophageal echocardiography (TEE) era, standardized tomographic views describing cardiac key structures have been provided. They have become the basis of TEE and have not been modified for decades. During our recent structural interventional cases, it has come to our attention that the structure frequently labeled “inferior vena cava” in textbooks and journal articles illustrating the bicaval TEE view is, in fact, the coronary sinus. Our manuscript illustrates our observation.