Radiologic review of acquired pulmonary vein stenosis in adults

Mauricio Galizia, Rahul Renapurkar, Lourdes Prieto, Michael Bolen, Joseph Azok, Charles T. Lau, Ahmed H. El-Sherief


Acquired pulmonary vein stenosis (PVS) is an uncommon occurrence in adults, but one that carries significant morbidity/mortality. PVS can be secondary to neoplastic infiltration/extrinsic compression, non-neoplastic infiltration/extrinsic compression, or iatrogenic intervention. This article: (I) reviews the common causes of acquired PVS; (II) illustrates direct and indirect cross-sectional imaging findings in acquired PVS (in order to avoid misinterpretation of these imaging findings); and (III) details the role of imaging before and after the treatment of acquired PVS.