Non-aortic vascular findings on chest CTA: including arch vessels and bronchial arteries
CT angiogram (CTA) has become the modality of choice for imaging of thoracic vascular pathologies, involving the aorta and the pulmonary arteries. Apart from showing exquisite details of these large arteries, pathologies and anatomic variants of their branches can also be studied to a great extent. The major branches of aortic arch can be affected by a wide variety of pathologies ranging from atherosclerosis to trauma and vasculitis. Bronchial arteries in spite of supplying only 1% of lung parenchyma can become hypertrophied in various congenital and acquired conditions, becoming an important source of collateral circulation as well as a source for life threatening hemoptysis. CT also plays an important role in diagnosis of vascular compression at the thoracic outlet. With advances in CT technology, the acquisition, interpretation and clinical applications of CT angiography will continue to grow in the years to come.