Aortic valve repair in adult congenital heart disease
Aortic valve repair in adult congenital heart disease (ACHD) went through a major development during the last two decades to become an increasingly established treatment option in experienced heart valve repair centers. This mini-review addresses valve-sparing treatment strategies in the two most common clinical entities of patients with adult congenital aortic valve disease, namely those presenting with bicuspid (BAV) and unicuspid (UAV) aortic valve disease. Both diseases are integral components of the continuum of congenital aortic valve diseases and represent one of the most common reasons of cardiovascular morbidity in young and otherwise healthy adult patients. The review will highlight the most important advantages of aortic valve sparing procedures as compared to the conventional valve replacement strategy. New treatment aspects will be reviewed including minimally-invasive surgical approaches for aortic valve repair as well as modern protocols of enhanced perioperative recovery which will potentially improve the perioperative recovery and quality of life of the patients undergoing valve-sparing surgical procedures in the future.