Cardiovascular magnetic resonance imaging for structural heart disease
Cardiovascular magnetic resonance (CMR) has increasingly become a powerful imaging technique over the past few decades due to increasing knowledge about clinical applications, operator experience and technological advances, including the introduction of high field strength magnets, leading to improved signal-to-noise ratio. Its success is attributed to the free choice of imaging planes, the wide variety of imaging techniques, and the lack of harmful radiation. Developments in CMR have led to the accurate evaluation of cardiac structure, function and tissues characterisation, so this non-invasive technique has become a powerful tool for a broad range of cardiac pathologies. This review will provide an introduction of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) physics, an overview of the current techniques and clinical application of CMR in structural heart disease, and illustrated examples of its use in clinical practice.