Cardiac arrhythmias in low- and middle-income countries

Philasande Mkoko, Ehete Bahiru, Olujimi A. Ajijola, Aime Bonny, Ashley Chin


Many low- and middle-income countries (LMICs) are undergoing an epidemiological transition. With an improvement in socioeconomic conditions and an aging population, cardiovascular diseases (CVDs), like cardiac arrhythmias, are expected to increase in these countries. However, there are limited studies on the epidemiology and management of cardiac arrhythmias in LMICs. This review will highlight the unique challenges and opportunities that these countries face when managing cardiac arrhythmias.