Pulmonary arteries: imaging of pulmonary embolism and beyond

Ellen M. Leitman, Shaunagh McDermott


The pulmonary arteries are not just affected by thrombus. Various acquired and congenital conditions can also affect the pulmonary arteries. In this review we discuss cross sectional imaging modalities utilized for the imaging of the pulmonary arteries. Acquired pulmonary artery entities, including pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS), vasculitis, aneurysm, and arteriovenous malformations, and congenital anomalies in adults, including proximal interruption of the pulmonary artery, pulmonary sling, pulmonary artery stenosis, and idiopathic dilatation of the pulmonary trunk, are also discussed. An awareness of these entities and their imaging findings is important for radiologists interpreting chest imaging.