Bicuspid aortic valve and aortic coarctation in congenital heart disease—important aspects for treatment with focus on aortic vasculopathy
Prevalence of congenital heart disease (CHD) is constantly increasing during the last decades in line with the treatment options for patients ranging from the surgical as well to the interventional spectrum. This mini-review addresses two of the most common defects with bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) and coarctation of the aorta (CoA). Both diseases are connected to aortic vasculopathy which is one of the most common reasons for morbidity and mortality in young patients with CHD. The review will focus as well on other aspects like medication and treatment of pregnant patients with BAV and CoA. New treatment aspects will be as well reviewed as currently there are additional treatment options to treat aortic regurgitation or aortic aneurysm especially in patients with valvular involvement and a congenital BAV thus avoiding replacement of the aortic valve and potentially improving the future therapy course of the patients.