Monitoring platelet function: what have we learned from randomized clinical trials?
Dual antiplatelet therapy, with aspirin plus a P2Y12 inhibitor agent, remains the cornerstone treatment after percutaneous coronary intervention. However, significant proportion of patients did experience recurrent ischemic events on aspirin plus clopidogrel and the concept of non-response to P2Y12 inhibitor emerged. Evaluation of platelet reactivity has known a promising era aiming to improve platelet inhibition conferred by clopidogrel. Then, the development of more potent antiplatelet agents (i.e., prasugrel and ticagrelor) shifted the concern to excessive platelet inhibition and increased risk of bleeding. Therefore, personalized antiplatelet therapy according to platelet function testing has been tested in several randomized trials for both escalation and de-escalation of antiplatelet regimen. This review aims to report the evidence from randomized trials in this field and upcoming roles for platelet function testing.